Over the past few years, drug addiction has ceased to be treated as a deviation in character and has assumed its role as a biological, psychological and social disorder. This change in mindset reflected in treatment strategies and strengthened a new conception of people with addictions such as alcohol, smoking and cocaine. The use of drug rehabilitation is the best way now.
Today we are going to explore this topic better, bringing relevant information about the characterization of chemical dependence, its ways of treatment and how it is possible to overcome or help someone to overcome this problem.
What Is Chemical Addiction?
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), chemical dependence is a chronic behavioral, physiological and cognitive disease that occurs with repeated use of certain substances.
Among the most common psychoactive dependencies are alcohol, tobacco and cocaine, for example. But we still need to consider individuals who are addicted to pharmacological substances.
These substances, or commonly referred to as psychoactive drugs, act on people’s central nervous systems and alter their ability to think, feel and even act. They also cause an imbalance in the body by altering chemical metabolism, which causes dependence.
There can be many reasons, from experimental curiosity to genetic and psychosocial factors. There are studies related to this understanding of an individual’s predisposition to the risk of addiction and addiction, but it is still understood as a multifactorial disease.
In the case of alcohol, it is estimated that 50% of a person’s vulnerability to addiction is related to genetic factors, and children of alcoholic parents are four times more likely to develop addiction. For women, young and old, who are considered more likely to react to the effects of alcohol, the development of addiction is also greater.
Risk factors include genetics, availability of psychoactive substances, lack of parental monitoring when younger, psychiatric disorders and the environment in which they are inserted.
What Are The Symptoms?
Some of the symptoms of chemical dependence are:
- Increased tolerance in the use of these substances, ie, the effects to be obtained only occur after excessive consumption
- Uncontrollable desire to use the substance at various times
- Lack of control and limit when consuming
- Try to reduce consumption but not succeed
- Leave aside activities previously considered pleasurable, to perform others related to addiction
- Symptoms of discomfort when not consuming the substance often, which can be observed from tremors, anxiety , irritability, insomnia and sweating
- Have or perceive symptoms of damage to health, but still perform consumption of the substance.
How Is The Treatment For Addictions?
Hospitalization was for a long time the most used resource for treatment, because it was basically aimed at complete abstinence. However, from the new conception that we have already talked about, the objective to be pursued was expanded and the treatment started to motivate the person to broaden their social repertoire, to seek new ways to relate and new social skills to deal with the daily life. Hence comes the important role of the psychologist in the treatment of addictions and chemical dependency.